Uva Ursi: - This herb is a urinary tract antiseptic, diuretic, astringent, and liver tonic.
Vanadium: - This trace mineral plays a role in the metabolism of bones and teeth.
Vitamin A: - A fat-soluble vitamin that helps form and maintain healthy skin, hair, and mucous membranes. It promotes bone growth, tooth development, and reproductive function, and enhances the body's immune system. Also, it aids in treatment of eye disorders such as night blindness.
Vitamin B6: - This vitamin acts as a coenzyme in many reactions involved in the metabolism of amino acids and essential fatty acids. Therefore it is needed for proper growth and maintenance of almost all of our body functions. It also helps maintain chemical balance among body fluids. Additionally, it has been shown to help normal function of the brain, promote normal red blood cell formation, and regulate the excretion of water.
Vitamin B12: - This vitamin acts as a coenzyme for fat and carbohydrate metabolism, and therefore promotes normal growth and development. It is also involved in the production of myelin, which is the sheath of 'insulation' that covers nerves. This vitamin is only present in animal products, so those following a vegan diet need to supplement it.
Vitamin C: - A water-soluble vitamin that promotes healthy capillaries, gums, and teeth, and helps heal wounds and broken bones. It promotes iron absorption (thereby enhancing red blood cell formation), and helps form collagen in connective tissues. Also, it has been used to help treat urinary tract infections.
Vitamin D: - A fat-soluble vitamin that regulates growth, hardening, and repair of bone by controlling absorption of calcium and phosphorus. In a healthy person, vitamin D is synthesized in the skin when the skin is exposed to sunlight.
Vitamin E: - A fat-soluble vitamin that functions mainly as an antioxidant in protecting cell membranes from free-radical damage. It promotes normal growth and development, as well as red blood cell formation, and also acts as an anti-blood clotting agent.
Vitamin K: - The main function of this fat soluble vitamin is to prevent abnormal bleeding.
White Willow Bark: - This bark has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and astringent properties.
Wild Yam Extract: - Wild yam has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties.